In 1988 Saddam Hussein started a military campaign against the Kurds in Northern Iraq. An estimated 100,000 Kurdish people were murdered and 4,000 villages were demolished. The military used chemical weapons and aerial attacks as well as other forms of destruction. They did a mass deportation to concentration camps as a way to cleanse the region. At the camps men and boys were executed while children, women, and elderly died from disease and starvation.