On December 7, 1975 Indonesia invaded East Timor by Suharto’s orders. The Indonesian military killed at least 100,000 East Timorese. Some also died in internment camps from starvation, while hiding from the military, or by illness and many were raped. The Indonesian army used napalm and chemical weapons, which poisoned the food and water supply. When the Indonesian military forces finally left East Timor in 1999 they burned about 80 percent of the buildings.