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Ovaherero Genocide Foundation

1933 Germany

Jews’ Holocaust

About 6 million Jews were killed during the Holocaust from 1933-1945 under Adolf Hitler’s Nazi regime. The Nazis thought Germans were racially superior to the Jews. Other groups that were targeted were Slavic groups (Poles, Russians), Gypsies, Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals, mentally or physically disabled patients, and other political groups such as Communists and Socialists. After years of being persecuted, Hitler established the “Final Solution”. Jews were deported to concentration camps where there was forced labor. Then millions went to mass killing centers where they were murdered in gas chambers. At the end of the war those remaining were evacuated from the concentration camps and were enlisted in forced death marches; they didn’t want the prisoners to be able to tell their stories to Allied and Soviet liberators.