The Assyrian genocide took place alongside the Armenian and Greek genocides and is more widely known as part of the Armenian genocide. In 2007 the International Association of Genocide Scholars (IAGS) formally recognized that Assyrians were part of the Ottoman campaign against Christian minorities of the empire which constituted genocide. In 1914 the Ottoman Empire began to deporting and massacring the Assyrians. Their villages were destroyed, thousands died from famine and disease as well as from forced marches. There was also kidnapping, sexual slavery, and pillaging of property. An estimated 250,000 – 400,000 Assyrians died during that time period.